tenses in hindi

Tense in Hindi | Tense क्या है? Definition, Types and Example

यहाँ पर English Grammar के सभी 12 Tenses Types की Definition, Tenses Chart , हर Tense के Rules बिल्कुल सरल Hindi में वो भी Examples के साथ जानिए। वास्तव में Tense in Hindi को सीखना बहुत ही आसान होता है। Tenses सिखने के लिए बस आपको थोड़े से नियम याद करने होंगे। अगर आपको एक भी Tense समझ में आ गया तो आपको कोई भी sentence बनाने में परेशानी नहीं होगी।

काल क्या है? What is Tense in Hindi

Tense का अर्थ हिंदी में काल होता है। काल का उपयोग हम किये गए कार्यो का समय बताने के लिए करते है। काल तीन प्रकार के होते है अतीत कल , वर्तमान काल  और भविष्य काल। 

हम time (काल ) को बताने के लिए Tense का use करते है। अगर आप कोई वाक्य बना रहे है तो आपको  उसमे क्रिया  का तो उपयोग करना ही होगा। तब आपको  यह भी बताना पड़ता है की ये क्रिया कौन से काल में हुई  थी।

content :-

* Types of tense in Hindi
* Tenses chart
* Tenses Rules
* Verb Form 
* Present tense in Hindi
* Past  tense in Hindi
* Future tense in Hindi
* conclusion of tense in Hindi

Types of tense in Hindi

Present Tense (वर्तमानकाल) – (ता है, ती है, ते है और आदत वाले वाक्‍य होते है  )Past Tense (भूतकाल) – (ता था, ती थे, ते थे  वाले वाक्‍य होते है )Future Tense (भविष्‍यकाल) – (ता होगा, ती होगी, ते होंगे वाले वाक्‍य होते है)
सामान्‍य वर्तमान कालसामान्‍य भूतकाल कालसामान्‍य भविष्‍य काल
अपूर्ण वर्तमान कालअपूर्ण भूतकाल कालअपूर्ण भविष्‍य काल
पूर्ण वर्तमान कालपूर्ण भूतकाल कालपूर्ण भविष्‍य काल
पूर्ण तत्‍कालिक वर्तमान कालपूर्ण तत्‍कालिक भूतकाल कालपूर्ण तत्‍कालिक भविष्‍य  काल
tense in hindi

Formula of Tenses in Hindi

tense in hindi

Rules of Tense in Hindi

चलिए देखते है की दिए गए FORMULA  का मतलब क्या है | 

Full form :-

S = subject (कर्ता )  A subject can be a noun, pronoun, noun clause or noun phrase.

O= object (Object is the person or thing which is affected by the action of the verb.)

v= verb (क्रिया ) Verbs show action, so they are also called action words.

V1= verb first form (ex. eat)

V2= verb second form (ex.ate)

V3= verb third form (ex. eaten)

Helping verbs:-

  is, am, are, -> (present continuous tense )

was, were -> (past continuous tense)

  being -> (future continuous tense)

have -> I ,you , we, they 

has -> she, he, it , Name (Ramesh)

had -> he, she, it, we, you, they, name etc.. used with all noun and pronoun in (past perfect tense) 

do -> i , you, we, they (simple present)

does -> he, she, it (simple present)

did -> he, she, it, we, you, they, name etc.. used with all noun and pronoun in (simple past)

Verb Form 

Verbअर्थv1 Formv1 Formv2 Formv2 Formv3 Formv4 Form
Teachपढ़ानाTeachपढ़ाता हैTaughtपढ़ायाTaughtपढ़ाया था
AskपूछनाAskपूछता हैAskedपूछाAskedपूछा था
GiveदेनाGiveदेता हैGaveदियाGivenदिया था
TakeलेनाTakeलेता हैTookलियाTakenलिया था
EatखानाEatखता हैAteखायाEatenखाया था
CallबुलानाCallबुलाता हैCalledबुलायाCalledबुलाया था
PlayखेलनाPlayखेलता हैPlayedखेलाPlayedखेला था
comeआनाcomeआता हैcameआयाComeआया था
WriteलिखनाWriteलिखता हैwroteलिखाWrittenलिखा था

नोटिस:-  tenses  को सीखने से पहले आप से  request   है की आप एक बार ऊपर दिए गए फॉर्मूले  और verb form को अच्छी तरह से याद् कर ले  जिससे आप आसानी से tenses सीख सकते है | 

आपको verb के form के बारे में भी पता होना चाहिए tenses सिखने के लिए | 

आज हम यहाँ पर all 12 tenses के बारे में detail में जानेगे | 

अगर आपने एक बार tenses के formula को समझ गए तो जान लीजिये की आप को tenses समझ आ गया है   | 

 अभी हम जानेगे की किस प्रकार हम इन formula का सही तरीके से use कैसे करे |

Present tense

1. simple Present tense in Hindi

formula to learn : (subject + verb1 + object )

सरल वर्तमान काल Hindi में वर्तमान काल के कई रूपों में से एक है। इसका उपयोग आदतों, अपरिवर्तनीय स्थितियों, सामान्य सत्य और निश्चित व्यवस्थाओं का वर्णन करने के लिए किया जाता है। सरल वर्तमान काल का निर्माण सरल है।

क्रिया के आधार रूप का उपयोग करें: (मैं लेता हूं, आप लेते हैं )

simple present tense is used to describe person habits, unchangeable situations, truths, and fixed arrangements. Just use the base form of the verb: (I go to school, you go to school,,he go to school,, she go to school,, Neha go to school )etc.

 We use the simple present tense for that which is real and happens truly . Here are a few examples: I go to temple every day.

Forming the simple present tense: to think

Affirmative (सकारात्मक)Interrogative (प्रश्नवाचक)Negative (नकारात्मक)
I thinkDo I think?I do not think
You thinkDo you think?You do not think
He thinksDoes he think?He does not think
She thinksDoes she think?She does not think
It thinksDoes it think?It does not think
We thinkDo we think?We do not think.
They thinkDo they think?They do not think.

जैसे की example लेते है : 

=> राम खता है | Ram eats.

=> नेहा पढ़ती  है | Neha reads.

-> काजल पत्र लिखती है | Kajal writes letters.

=> वह रोज सुबह स्कूल जाता है।  He goes to school every morning.

=> (girl)वह अंग्रेजी समझती है। She understands English.

-> (boy)वह बहुत कोशिश करता है। He tries very hard.

Things to learn:-

यहाँ पर आप देख सकते है की होने यहाँ पर s और es का use  किया है | 

हमेशा आप याद रखिए  की जब भी हम he , she,  it या name  का  use करते है तब हम  s और es का use करते  है | 

हम do और does का use as helping verb की तरह हम  use  करते है | 

लेकिन जब हम नेगेटिव sentence बनाते है तब s और es हट जाता है | 

अपने देखा होगा की जब हम simple present tens  बनाते है तब हिंदी शब्द के last में ता ,ती , ते, का उपयोग होता है | 

अगर आप हिंदी में वाक्य बना रहे हो तो आप ता ,ती , ते को देख कर समझ सकते है की यह  वाक्य सरल वर्तमान काल  का है 

2. Present continuous tense in Hindi  

formula to learn : (subject + is , am , are + verb 1 + ing+ object)

वर्तमान निरंतर काल का उपयोग अभी (present)  होने वाली क्रियाओं के लिए किया जाता है | या एक ऐसी क्रिया के लिए किया जाता है जो असमाप्त (continue ) होती रहती  है।  इसका उपयोग तब भी किया जाता है जब कोई  कार्य अस्थायी होता  है| 

(The present continuous tense is used for actions happening now or for an action that is incomplete. This tense is also used when the action is temporary.)

वर्तमान निरंतर काल विषय के साथ बनता है और मुख्य क्रिया के वर्तमान  रूप (-ing ) और के present continue के साथ हूँ, हूँ, हैं (is, am ,are ) का use  होता है।

इस tense का एक सरल उदाहरण है: वह तैर रहा है। “वह” विषय है, “है” क्रिया का वर्तमान काल है और “तैरना” वर्तमान कृदंत क्रिया रूप है।

Forming the present continuous tense: to playing 

Affirmative(सकारात्मक)Interrogative(प्रश्नवाचक)Negative(नकारात्मक)
I am playingAm I playing ?I am not playing
You are playing Are You playing ?You are not playing
He is playingIs He playing?He is not playing
She is playingIs She playing ?She is not playing
Neha is playingIs Neha playing?Neha is not playing
We are playing are We playing ?We are not playing 
They are playingAre They playing ?They are not  playing

The following are basic examples of the present continuous tense in Hindi . 

=> वो रो रही है।

 She is crying.

=> वह अपने दोस्त से बात कर रहा है।

  He is talking to his friend.

=> मैं आज चर्च में गा रहा हूं। 

I am singing at church today.

=> स्कूल के बाद लड़के बॉल खेल रहे हैं। 

The boys are playing ball after school.

=> बच्चा अपने पालने में सो रहा है। 

The baby is sleeping in his crib.

=> हम शाम को मछलीघर का दौरा कर रहे हैं। 

 We are visiting the aquarium in the evening.

->  वर्तमान निरंतर काल  का उपयोग अभी होने वाली किसी चीज़ को व्यक्त करने के लिए या किसी ऐसी चीज़ को व्यक्त करने के लिए किया जा सकता है जो अभी नहीं हो रही है। 

examples:- 

=> वह खड़ा नहीं है।

He is not standing.

=> आप फिल्म नहीं देख रहे हैं।

You are not watching the movie.

-> वर्तमान निरंतर काल का उपयोग यह दिखाने के लिए भी किया जा सकता है कि निकट भविष्य में कुछ होगा या नहीं।

examples:- 

=> वह आज रात खेल में नहीं जा रही है।

She is not going to the game tonight.

=> वह स्कूल के बाद अपने दोस्तों से मिल रहा है।

He is meeting his friends after school.

=> क्या आप इस सप्ताह के अंत में अपने चचेरे भाई से मिलने जा रहे हैं?

Are you visiting your cousin this weekend?

=> मैं काम के बाद मीटिंग में नहीं जा रहा हूं।

I am not going to the meeting after work.

=> क्या आज जॉन फुटबॉल खेल रहा है?

Is John playing football today?

=>वर्तमान निरंतर काल का उपयोग प्रश्नों में भी किया जा सकता है।

examples:- 

=> क्या वह हंस रही है? Is she laughing?

=> क्या वे शिक्षक को सुन रहे हैं? Are they listening to the teacher?

=> क्या बच्चा अपनी बोतल पी रहा है? Is the baby drinking his bottle?

=> क्या आप जा रहें है? Are you going?

3. Present perfect tense in Hindi

formula to learn : (subject + have, has + verb 3 + object)

-> निरंतर स्थिति के बारे में बात करने के लिए हम अक्सर Present Perfect का उपयोग करते हैं। यह एक ऐसी अवस्था है जो अतीत में शुरू हुई थी और वर्तमान में जारी है (और शायद भविष्य में भी जारी रहेगी)। यह एक स्थिति है (क्रिया नहीं)। हम आमतौर पर इस संरचना के लिए या उसके बाद से उपयोग करते हैं।

We mainly use the Present Perfect tense to explain about a continuous situation . This is the action that started in the past and continue in the present situation and that action will continue into the future.

-> हम यहाँ पर have  का use  I , we, you, they  के साथ में करते है|

 और has का  use हम he, she, it ,name के साथ में करते है |

Here We use the Present Perfect to explain about :

  • experience (अनुभव)
  • change (परिवर्तन)
  • continuous situation (जारी परिस्थिति

Forming the Present Perfect tense: to played 

Affirmative(सकारात्मक)Interrogative(प्रश्नवाचक)Negative(नकारात्मक)
I have played .Have I played ?I have not played.
You have played .Have You played ?You have not played.
He has played.Has he played ?He has not played.
She has played.Has She played ? She has not played.
Neha has played.Has Neha played ?Neha has not played.
We have played .Have We played ?We have not played.
They have played.Have They played ?They have not played.

examples :- 

=> मैंने एक एलियन को देखा है।

I have seen an alien.

=> वह बैंकॉक में रह चुके हैं।

He has lived in Bangkok.

=> क्या तुम वहां गए हो?

Have you been there?

=>  हमने कभी भी पपीता नहीं खाया है।We have never eaten papaya.

–>In Present Perfect tense we use For and Since

Look at these example sentences using for with the Present Perfect tense in hindi:

-> हम समय की अवधि के बारे में बात करने के लिए  For उपयोग करते हैं: example पांच मिनट, दो सप्ताह, छह साल (We use for to talk about a period of time: like 7 year , 5 days , 2 weeks etc..

मुझे यहां आए बीस मिनट हो गए हैं। I have been here for twenty minutes.

 Neha ने छह महीने तक फोन नहीं किया। Neha hasn’t called for six months.

उन्होंने लंबे समय तक न्यूयॉर्क में काम किया है। He has worked in New York for a long time.

Look at these example sentences using since with the Present Perfect tense in hindi:

-> हम पिछले समय में एक बिंदु के बारे में बात करने के लिए Since उपयोग करते हैं: 9 बजे, 1 जनवरी ( Here We use since to Explain about a exact point in past time like : 7 o’clock, 21st January )

 मैं 9 बजे से यहां हूं। || I have been here since 9 o’clock.

जॉन ने फरवरी से फोन नहीं किया है। || John hasn’t called since February.

उन्होंने कॉलेज छोड़ने के बाद से दिल्ली में काम किया है।  

He has worked in Delhi since he left college .

4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense in Hindi

formula to learn : (subject + have ,has + been + verb + ing + object)

पूर्ण तत्‍कालिक वर्तमान काल दर्शाता है कि अतीत में कुछ क्रिया  शुरू हुआ था और वर्तमान समय में जारी है और कब तक जारी रहेगा यह भी निश्चय नहीं है । 

यहाँ पर काल का उपयोग हम ज्यादातर ऐसी क्रियाओं के लिए उपयोग करते है जो पहले से ही शुरू हुआ है और अभी भी लगातार चल रहा है| 

Here The present perfect continuous tense which show that something started in the past and is continuing at the present time.

Present perfect continuous tense में भी हम since और for का  use करते है |

Forming the Present Perfect Continuous tense: to played 

Affirmative(सकारात्मक)Interrogative(प्रश्नवाचक)Negative(नकारात्मक)
I have been playing .Have I been playing ?I have not been playing.
You have been playing .Have You been playing ?You have not been playing.
He has been playing.Has he been playing ?He has not been playing.
She has been playing.Has She been playing? She has not been playing.
Neha has been playing.Has Neha been playing?Neha has not been playing.
We have been playing .Have We been playing ?We have not been playing.
They have been playing.Have They been playing ?They have not been playing.

let’s do some exercise:- 

=> मैं सुबह से tenses पर लेख लिख रहा हूं।

I have been writing articles on tenses since morning.

=>अमन दो घंटे से किताब पढ़ रहा है।

Aman has been reading the book for two hours.

=> हम एक घंटे से फुटबॉल खेल रहे हैं।

We have been playing football for an hour.

=> वह सुबह से ही English grammar की book ढूंढ रही है।

She has been finding English grammar books since morning.

=> वह तीन घंटे से मैदान में खेल रहा है

He has been on the ground for three hours.

=> हम सब दो घंटे से इस राहुलराज मॉल में खरीदारी कर रहे हैं।

We all have been shopping in this rahulraj mall for two hours.

=> हम सब इस राजहंस में 5 घंटे से एक फिल्म देख रहे हैं।

We all have been watching a movie in this RAJHANS for 5 hours.

=> आप 2 घंटे से इंतजार कर रहे हैं।

you have been waiting for 2 hours.

=> काजल हर तरह के गाने गाती रही हैं।

Kajal has been singing all kinds of songs.

=>हम सब एक घंटे से पढ़ रहे हैं।

we all have been studying for an hour.

Present tense all examples together

TensesAffirmative sentenceNegative  sentenceInterrogative  sentence
Simple Present  tenseYou eat a mango .You do not eat a mango .Do you eat a mango?
She eats a mango.She  does  not eat mango .Does  she eat  a mango ?
Present  continuous tenseYou  are eating  a mango  .Your  are not eating a mango .Are you eating a mango ?
She is eating  a mango .She is not eating a  mango .Is she eating a  mango?
Present  perfect tenseYou  have eaten a mango .You  have not  eaten a mango Have You  eaten a mango ? 
She  has eaten  a mango .She  has not eaten  a mango .Has She  eaten  a mango  ?
Present  perfect continuous tenseYou  have  been eating a mango.You  have not been eating a mango .Have  you been eating a mango ?
She  has been  eating a mango .She  has not been  eating a mango Has She  been  eating a mango ?

Past Tense

1.Simple Past tense in Hindi

formula to learn : (subject + verb 2 + object )

-> सरल भूत काल यह दर्शाता है कि आप किसी ऐसी चीज़ के बारे में बात कर रहे हैं जो पहले ही हो चुकी है।

        The simple past tense which show that you are talking about something that has already happened in past time.

-> नियमित क्रियाओं (regular verbs) के सादा भूत काल  sentence के अंत में  -d या -ed द्वारा चिह्नित किया जाता है। 

we use verb 2nd form In The simple past tense

Forming the Simple Past Tense:- walked

Affirmative(सकारात्मक)Interrogative (प्रश्नवाचक)Negative (नकारात्मक)
I walkedDid I walk?I didn’t walk
You walkedDid you walk?You didn’t walk
He walkedDid he walk?He didn’t walk
We walkedDid we walk?We didn’t walk
They walkedDid they walk?They didn’t walk

Examples:- Tenses in Hindi

 => वह रोज कपड़े धोती थी। || She used to wash clothes daily.

 => उन्होंने एक दिलचस्प कहानी लिखी  थी।

He wrote an interesting story

=> बच्चे ने अपना होमवर्क पूरा किया।

The child completed his homework.

=> उसे नींद नहीं आई। || She did not sleep.

=> हमने अपने राष्ट्रीय कवि को श्रद्धांजलि दी। || We paid tribute to our national poet.

=> क्या उसने पत्र लिखा?

Did he write a letter?

–>हम simple past tense  में  Did as helping verb हम  use  करते है | 

–> अपने देखा होगा की जब हम simple present tens  बनाते है तब verb के last में ed का उपयोग होता है | 

–> अगर आप हिंदी में वाक्य बना रहे हो तो आप ( ता था ,ती थी  , ते थे )  को देख कर समझ सकते है की यह  वाक्य सरल भूत काल  का है|

2. Past continuous tense  

formula to learn : (subject + was , were + verb 1 + ing+ object)

->यह Past continuous tense का उपयोग उन क्रियाओं का वर्णन करने के लिए किया जाता है जो अतीत में शुरू हुईं और अक्सर कार्रवाई शुरू होने के बाद थोड़े समय के लिए जारी रहीं थीं।

–> यह काल उन क्रियाओं या घटनाओं का वर्णन करता है जो अतीत में एक विशिष्ट समय पर हुई थीं।

 –> ये क्रियाएं आमतौर पर उस समय नहीं हो रही हैं जब वाक्य कहा या लिखा जा रहा है।

The past continuous tense is used to describe and explain actions that began in the past time and also continued for a short period of time after the action started. 

This past continuous tense describes actions, verb or events that happened at a specific time in the past. 

Forming the Past continuous tense: to playing 

Affirmative(सकारात्मक)Interrogative(प्रश्नवाचक)Negative(नकारात्मक)
I was  playing chessWas I playing chess?I was not playing chess.
You were playing chessWere  You playing chess?You was not playing chess.
He was playing chessWas He playing chess?He was not playing chess.
She was playing chessWas She playing chess?She was not playing chess.
Neha was playing chessWas Neha playing chess?Neha was not playing chess.
We were playing chessWere  We playing chess?We were not playing chess. 
They were playing chessWere They playing chess?They  were  not  playing chess.

let’s do some exercise of tenses in hindi 

=> जब सांप दिखाई दिया तो अशोक दूसरे दिन घास काट रहा था।

ashok was cutting the grass the other day when the snake appeared.

=> जब आप देर रात घर आए तो महेश को नींद नहीं आ रही थी।

Mahesh was not sleeping when you got home late last night.

–> आप इस काल का उपयोग प्रश्न बनाने के लिए भी कर सकते हैं। इस उपयोग के उदाहरणों में शामिल हैं:

=> कल सुबह जब अलार्म बजा तो आप क्या कर रहे थे?

What were you doing when the alarm went off yesterday morning ?

=> क्या आज शाम मुझे ईमेल करने पर अभिषेक ने मुझे फोन किया था?

Was Abhishek calling me when I emailed him this evening ?

=> कल सुबह वह क्या कर रहा था?

What was he doing this time yesterday morning?

=> जब माँ खाना बना रही थी तब हम पढ़ रहे थे।

we were studying while mom was making dinner.

3. Past Perfect tense

formula to learn : – (subject + had+ verb 3 + object)

-> पूर्ण भूतकाल यह विचार व्यक्त करता है कि अतीत में ही कोई  क्रिया शुरूहुई  थी और अतीत में ही कुछ समय बाद वह  क्रिया पूरी  हो चुकी थी।

-> इस tense के हिन्दी वाक्यों के अन्त में चुका था, चुकी थी, चुके थे, या था, यी थी, ये थे आदि शब्द आते हैं |

-> past Perfect Tense में had (helping verb) के साथ verb की 3rd form का use करते हैं |

like:- Everybody had eaten food before you arrived at home .

 Everybody had eaten food  + you arrived at home 

पूर्ण भूतकाल Past Perfect tense    +     सरल भूत Simple Past Tense

=>First kajal had completed her work, she went to school.

(First kajal had completed her work and then she went to school .)

      पूर्ण भूतकाल Past Perfect tense    +      सरल भूत Simple Past Tense

-> जैसे की आप  कह सकते है की , मैंने अपना होमवर्क कल ही कर लिया था | 

अब आप देख सकते है की अपने होमवर्क का काम past में शुरू किया और past में ही complete कर लिया था | सो इसे पूर्ण भूतकाल कहते है | 

-> हम यहाँ पर had का use as helping verb  करते है |  past perfect में  I , we, you, they ,he, she, it , name के साथ में had का use करते है|

Forming the Past Perfect tense: played

Affirmative(सकारात्मक)Interrogative(प्रश्नवाचक)Negative(नकारात्मक)
I had played .Had I played ?I Had not played.
You had played .Had You played ?You Had not played.
He had played.Had he played ?He Had not played.
She had played.Had She played ?She Had not played.
Neha had played.Had Neha played ?Neha Had not played.
We had played .Had We played ?We Had not played.
They had played.Had They played ?They Had not played.

let’s do some exercise:- 

 => बारिश हो चुकी थी |

It had rained.

=> माँ ने खाना बनाया था।

mother had cooked food .

=> रेहंश बाज़ार गया हुआ था

Rehansh  had gone to market

=> मैंने उससे बात की थी।

I had talked with her.

=> बारिश शुरू होने से पहले हमारी टीम ने उस मैदान में फुटबॉल खेला था।

our team had played cricket in that ground before it started to rain.

=> तुम्हारे जाने के बाद महेश यहाँ आया था।

Mahesh came here after you had left.

=> रमेश के आने से पहले महेश ने वर्तमान काल पर लेख लिखे थे।

Mahesh had written articles on present tense before Ramesh came.

4. Past Perfect Continuous Tense

formula to learn 🙁 subject + had + been + verb + ing + object )

  Past  Perfect cotinuous  Tense का उपयोग एक क्रिया का वर्णन करने के लिए किया जाता है जो अतीत में शुरू हुआ था और दूसरी क्रिया शुरू होने पर अभी भी प्रगति पर था। दोनों क्रियाएं अतीत में शुरू और समाप्त हुईं। 

=> The past perfect tense which show the action that was in the process. The simple past also refer to the action that happened after the first action in early time.

I ,You Have / Has + Been + verb + ingRest of Sentence
We , Theyhad been speakingfor five hours when she got up and left
He ,She , It, Kajalhad been speakingto her long before they met

Forming the Past Perfect Continuous tense: to played 

Affirmative(सकारात्मक)Interrogative(प्रश्नवाचक)Negative(नकारात्मक)
I had been playing .Had I been playing ?I had not been playing.
You had been playing .Had You been playing ?You had not been playing.
He had been playing.Had he been playing ?He had not been playing.
She had been playing.Had She been playing? She had not been playing.
Neha had been playing.Had Neha been playing?Neha had not been playing.
We had been playing .Had We been playing ?We had not been playing.
They had been playing.Had They been playing ?They had not been playing.

let’s do some practice:- 

=> सोनाली सुबह से ही प्रदूषण पर निबंध लिख रही थीं।

Sonali had been writing essay on pollution since morning.

=> वह दो घंटे से science friction की किताब पढ़ रहा था।

 He had been reading the science friction book for two hours.

=> सभी छात्र 3 घंटे से फुटबॉल खेल रहे थे।

All student had been playing football for 3 hour.

=> करिश्मा सुबह से ही अपनी घड़ी ढूंढ रही थी।

Karishma had  been finding her watch since morning.

=> आकाश 5 घंटे से लाइब्रेरी में पढ़ रहा था।

Akash had been studying in the library for5 hours.

=> क्या वह ट्रेन में बैठकर इंतजार कर रहा था?

Had He been waiting to get on the train ?

=> महेशमहेश नीचे बैठना चाहता था क्योंकि वह दुकान के बाहर खड़ा था।

Mahesh wanted to sit down because he had been standing outside the shop .

=>डॉक्टर के घर आने पर पिता तीन घंटे काम करते थे।

Father had been working for three hours when doctor came home.

=>जब तक समीर को छाता मिला, तब तक एक मिनट तक बारिश हो चुकी थी।

By the time Samir found an umbrella, it had been raining for a minute.

Past tense all examples together

TensesAffirmative sentenceNegative  sentence        Interrogative  sentence
Simple Past  tenseWe ate pizza .We did  not eat  pizza.Did we eat  pizza?
She  ate pizza.She did  not eat pizza .Did  she eat  pizza ?
Past  continuous tenseWe were  eating pizza .We were not  eating pizza .Were We eating pizza ?
She was  eating  pizza .She was not  eating  pizza . .Was  She  eating  pizza ?
Past  perfect tensewe had eaten pizza .we had not  eaten pizza.Had we  eaten pizza?
She  had  eaten pizza.She  had  not eaten  pizza .Had she  eaten  a pizza?
Past  perfect continuous tenseWe had  been eating pizza.We had not  been eating pizza.Had  we  been eating pizza. ?
She  had been  eating pizza .She  had  not been  eating pizza. Had she been  eating pizza. ?

* Future Tense in Hindi

1. Simple Future Tense

( Subject + will + verb1 + Object. )

भविष्य में होने वाले काम Future Tense में आते हैं | जो भी  क्रिया  भविष्य में होने वाला है और इस क्रिया का भविष्य  भी निश्चित नहीं है |

जैसे :

1.     वह रोज बाज़ार जाएगा |

2.     रमेश अभी भी झूंठ बोलेगा | 

पहचान:- वाक्य के अंत में गा, गी, गे आदि आते है|

Forming the simple present tense: to think

Affirmative (सकारात्मक)Interrogative (प्रश्नवाचक)Negative (नकारात्मक)
I will thinkWill I think?I will not think
You will thinkWill you think?You will not think
He will thinkWill he think?He will not think
She will thinkWill she think?She will not think
It will thinksWill it think?It will not think
We will thinkWill we think?We will not think.
They will thinkWill they think?They will not think.

let’s do some practice:-

=> वह बाजार जाएगा |  

He will go to the market.

=> वे ढंग से नहीं सोएंगे |  

They will not sleep well.

=> क्या तुम वहां नहीं जाओगी?

Will you not go there?

=> मैं अपनी परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन करूँगा।

I  shall study hard for my exams.

 => वह हर दिन काम पर जाऊँगा।

He will go to work every day.

  => हम शनिवार को देर से सोएंगे।

We shall sleep late on Saturdays.

=> मैं हर हफ्ते एक किताब पढूंगा ।

I shall read a book  every week.

=> हम रविवार को तैरेंगे।

 We shall swim on Sundays.

  => आप परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन नहीं करेंगे|     

You will not study hard for exams.

 => वह रोज काम पर नहीं जाएगा।

He will not go to work everyday

2. Future continuous tense in Hindi  

formula to learn : (subject + will, shall +be + verb 1 + ing+ object)

अपूर्ण भविष्यकल बताता है कि  जो क्रिया भविष्य में शुरू होगी और अपेक्षित समय तक निरंतर भविष्य में  जारी रहेगी । यह ध्यान रखना महत्वपूर्ण है कि अपूर्ण भविष्यकाल का उपयोग केवल present  action  के साथ किया जाता है क्योंकि यह केवल कुछ समय  के लिए करना संभव है।

Forming the simple Future tense: to think

Affirmative (सकारात्मक)Interrogative (प्रश्नवाचक)Negative (नकारात्मक)
I will be thinkingWill I be thinking ?I will not be think
You will be thinkingWill you be thinking ?You will not be think
He will be thinkingWill he be thinking ?He will not be think
She will be thinkingWill she be thinking ?She will not be think
It will be thinkingWill it be thinking ?It will not be think
We will be thinkingWill we be thinking ?We will not be think.
They will be thinkingWill they be thinking ?They will not be think.

let’s do exercise of tenses

=> मैं सो रहा होऊंगा |

I will be sleeping

=> आप काम कर रहे होंगे |

you will be working

=> वह पढ़ रही होगी |

she will be studying

=> वह खाना बना रही होगी |

she  will be cooking

=> वे यात्रा करेंगे |

they will be travelling

=> हम नाश्ता करेंगे |

we will be eating breakfast

3. Future Perfect Tense 

formula to learn : (subject + will,shall + have, has + verb3 + object )

भविष्य की सही अवधि का उपयोग एक भविष्य की घटना को प्रदर्शित करने के लिए किया जाता है जिसमें एक निश्चित समाप्ति तिथि होती है।

future perfect tense verbs contain will + have, has + verb (ending with -ed)

Forming the Present Perfect tense: to played 

Affirmative(सकारात्मक)Interrogative(प्रश्नवाचक)Negative(नकारात्मक)
I will have played .Will I Have played ?I will have not played.
You will have played .Will You Have played ?You will have not played.
He will has played.Will he Has played ?He will has not played.
She will has played.Will She Has played ? She will has not played.
Neha will has played.Will Neha Has played ?Neha will has not played.
We will have played .Will We Have played ?We will have not played.
They will have played.Will They Have played ?They will +have not played.

=> मैं आठ घंटे सो चुका हूँगा ।

I will have slept eight hours.

=> तब तक पौधा उग चुका होगा।

The plant will have grown by then. 

=> हीना दस बजे तक चली गई  होगी।

Heena will have ran by ten o’clock.

=> मैंने तब तक नहीं खाया होगा।

I will not have eaten by then.

=> पंकज दस बजे तक नहीं भागा होगा।

Pankaj  will not have ran by ten o’clock.

=> महेश ने अभी तक पर्याप्त धन नहीं बचाया है।

Mahesh  will not have saved enough money yet.

4. Future Perfect Continuous Tense 

formula to learn : (subject + will,shall + have, has + been+ verb1 +ing + object )

Forming the Future Perfect Continuous tense: to played 

Affirmative(सकारात्मक)Interrogative(प्रश्नवाचक)Negative(नकारात्मक)
I will have been playing .Will I Have been playing ?I will not have been playing.
You will have been playing .Will You Have been playing ?You will not have been playing.
He will has been playing.Will he Has been playing ?He will not has been playing.
She will has been playing.Will She Has been playing? She will not has been playing.
Neha will has been playing.Will Neha Has been playing?Neha will not has been playing.
We will have been playing .Will We Have been playing ?We will not have been playing.
They will have been playing.Will Have They been playing ?They will not have been playing.

let’s do some practice of tenses in Hindi

=> अनिल 2020 तक एक साल के लिए हमारे पाठ्यक्रम में भाग लेंगे।

Anil will has been attending our course for a year by 2020.

 =>रमेश 2022 तक दो साल के लिए क्रिकेट का अभ्यास करेंगे।

Ramesh will has been practicing the cricket for two years by 2022.

  => 2025 तक सभी छात्र सभी प्रौद्योगिकी कैसे सीखेंगे?

 How will all student have been learning all technology by 2025?

  => क्या आप 2032 तक दिल्ली के इस शहर में रह रहे हैं?

Will you have been living in this Delhi city by 2032?

  => मेरे आने से पहले मेरी माँ 2 घंटे तक खाना बना रही होगी।

My mother will have been cooking for 2 hour by the time before we arrive.

  => समीर 2010 तक पांच साल हमारे साथ रहा होगा

 Sameer will has been living with us for five years by 2010.

=> मैं यहाँ दो घंटे केरेहान यहाँ दो घंटे से आठ बजे तक आपका इंतजार कर रहा होगा।

Rehans will has been waiting for you here for two hours by eight o’clock.

=> 2020 तक मैं गुजरात में दस साल से रह रहा हूँ।

By 2020 I will have been living in Gujarat for ten years.

=> रमेश चार साल से यहां काम कर रहे हैं।

Ramesh will has been working here for four years.

all examples of Future tense in Hindi

TensesAffirmative sentenceNegative  sentenceInterrogative sentence
Simple future tenseI will play cricket .I will not play cricket .Will I play cricket ?
He will play cricket .He will not play cricket .will He play cricket ?
Future continuous tenseI will be playing cricket .I will not be playing cricket .Will I be playing cricket ?
He will be playing cricket .He will not be playing cricket.will He be playing cricket ?
Future perfect tenseI will have played cricket .I will  not have played cricket.Will I Have Played Cricket ?
He will has played cricket.He will not has played cricket.Will he Has played cricket ?
Future perfect continuous tenseI will have been    playing cricket for two hours.I will not have been playing cricket for two hours.Will I have been playing cricket for two hours ?
He will has been playing cricket 
for two hours .
He will not has been playing cricket for two hours .Will he has been playing cricket for two hours ?

Conclusion:- tense in Hindi

Tenses को जानना बहुत ही जरुरी है क्यों की जब आप वाक्य बनाते है तब आपको समय और क्रिया का उपयोग तो करना ही होगा |

यहाँ पर हमने  tenses के  सभी प्रकार सीखा और टेन्सेस के rules और formulas की भिजनकारी ली  और बहुत सारे example भी सीखे | 

अगर आप इंग्लिश स्पीकिंग करना सीखना चाहते है तो आप को tenses को अच्छी तरह से सीखना होगा |  जिसको tense की सही जानकारी होती है वो अच्छी तरह से sentences बना सकते है | 

Thank you so much

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